Petrov Day

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About

Petrov Day, September 26, celebrates the anniversary of the day in 1983 when Russian lieutenant Stanislav Petrov [W] knowingly violated procedure and certified what appeared to be an impending nuclear attack from the United States as a false alarm, thus preventing the retaliatory strike which would otherwise have been launched and which would probably have started the long-feared World War III.

Because of military secrecy and international policy, Petrov's actions were kept secret until 1998.

The false alarm turned out to be due to one or more software bugs in the attack warning system which falsely identified an unusual cloud formation as incoming missiles.

Links

Reference

  • Wikipedia: no equivalent article as of 2012-11-03

to file

Notes

There were two other similar incidents, one in 1962 (Arkhipov, described in Falkvinge's article and here and here) and 1995 (Yeltsin, described here).

That makes at least two incidents (Petrov and Yeltsin; Arkhipov's motives are unclear) in which the world was saved from nuclear war because a Russian military official was unwilling to believe the US would launch a first strike.

This, more than anything else, completely destroys any arguments asserting that American belligerence towards the Soviets (typically exemplified by Ronald Reagan, and demonizing John F. Kennedy for being too conciliatory) helped prevent war. If anything, that belligerence brought us closer to war, and we were just lucky that the line never quite got crossed.

There needs to be a page about this. --Woozle (talk) 10:23, 3 November 2012 (EDT)

There's more information about Arkhipov here.