Difference between revisions of "Gender essentialism"

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(this seems substantial enough now to de-seed; changed transphobia to transmisia)
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==About==
 
==About==
[[Gender essentialism]] starts with the mistaken belief that [[gender]] is a fundamental and immutable attribute of human beings, and proceeds to draw from this (combined with largely anecdotal observations about human behavior within the observer's culture) a number of conclusions about the nature of "femininity" and sometimes "masculinity".
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[[Gender essentialism]] is a form of [[gender fundamentalism]] centered around the mistaken premise that [[gender]] is an essential and immutable attribute of human beings. It generally proceeds to draw from this &ndash; typically combined with largely anecdotal observations about human behavior within the observer's culture &ndash; a number of conclusions about the nature of "femininity" and sometimes "masculinity".
  
 
These conclusions are in many ways deeply embedded in Western culture, due largely to their utility (from an [[authoritarian]] perspective) in controlling and limiting the range of culturally-acceptable actions and in maintaining a [[patriarchal]] system in which men have power over women.
 
These conclusions are in many ways deeply embedded in Western culture, due largely to their utility (from an [[authoritarian]] perspective) in controlling and limiting the range of culturally-acceptable actions and in maintaining a [[patriarchal]] system in which men have power over women.
  
Among these are the belief that there are exactly two genders (male and female), and that the condition of being male or female carries with it a certain number of immutable characteristics. [[Gender fundamentalism]] (a view held by many [[social conservative]]s) additionally holds that individuals have a [[social obligation]] to carry out [[cultural role]]s which have been assigned to their gender.
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Among these are the belief that there are exactly two genders (male and female), and that the condition of being male or female carries with it a certain number of immutable characteristics. [[Gender prescriptivism]] (a view held by many [[social conservative]]s) additionally holds that individuals have a [[social obligation]] to carry out [[cultural role]]s which have been assigned to their gender.
 
==Politics==
 
==Politics==
 
[[Gender essentialism]] is often used to justify a number of [[counterfactual]] political positions, including:
 
[[Gender essentialism]] is often used to justify a number of [[counterfactual]] political positions, including:
* [[anti-gay]] stances
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* [[anti-gay]] advocacy
* [[transmisia]]
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* [[anti-trans]] advocacy
 
* [[patriarchy]] over those who do not wish it
 
* [[patriarchy]] over those who do not wish it
  

Latest revision as of 18:24, 2 August 2020

About

Gender essentialism is a form of gender fundamentalism centered around the mistaken premise that gender is an essential and immutable attribute of human beings. It generally proceeds to draw from this – typically combined with largely anecdotal observations about human behavior within the observer's culture – a number of conclusions about the nature of "femininity" and sometimes "masculinity".

These conclusions are in many ways deeply embedded in Western culture, due largely to their utility (from an authoritarian perspective) in controlling and limiting the range of culturally-acceptable actions and in maintaining a patriarchal system in which men have power over women.

Among these are the belief that there are exactly two genders (male and female), and that the condition of being male or female carries with it a certain number of immutable characteristics. Gender prescriptivism (a view held by many social conservatives) additionally holds that individuals have a social obligation to carry out cultural roles which have been assigned to their gender.

Politics

Gender essentialism is often used to justify a number of counterfactual political positions, including:

Terminology

Gender essentialism is sometimes erroneously referred to as "biological essentialism", a related but distinct concept. Within the context of feminism it may be shortened to just "essentialism", although there are other types of essentialism.

Links

Reference