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Arguments as soldiers refers to a worldview in which arguments are viewed as a means of compelling or influencing others to agree with a particular preconceived position, rather than being a means of analyzing evidence and thereby arriving at a better understanding of the truth. An argument used in this fashion – i.e. made only when it suits a predetermined agenda, and ignored when it conflicts with that agenda – may therefore be referred to as a "soldier argument".
This worldview is more or less synonymous with identity politics, where one's tribal affiliation -- rather than reasoning from facts toward the achievement of a desired goal -- determines one's political position. It is one manifestation of ideological protectionism.
Using arguments as soldiers tends to create and maintain epistemic closure, since opposing arguments of any kind are viewed as an "enemy" from which the tribe must be protected rather than legitimate criticism which must be accepted if it cannot be refuted.