Difference between revisions of "US/immigration"

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[[page type::article]]
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[[thing type::phenomenon]]
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[[country::US]]
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[[subject::immigration in the United States]]
 
[[Category:US/issues]]
 
[[Category:US/issues]]
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</hide>
 
==About==
 
==About==
 
{{USA}} Immigration policy became a hot topic in the spring of 2006 (there's some specific history which I don't have time to research -- there was a bill introduced (by GOP?) which would have apparently made it very difficult for existing immigrant workers; this led to rallies nationwide in support of said workers and against said bill, etc...).
 
{{USA}} Immigration policy became a hot topic in the spring of 2006 (there's some specific history which I don't have time to research -- there was a bill introduced (by GOP?) which would have apparently made it very difficult for existing immigrant workers; this led to rallies nationwide in support of said workers and against said bill, etc...).
  
 
Although the anti-immigrant sentiment never entirely went away in the meantime, it surfaced again during and after the [[2010 US elections|2010 elections]] as [[US conservative|conservative]] politicians (now politically dominant) [[demonize]]d Mexican immigrants as [[scapegoat]]s for the state of the economy in the wake of the [[2008 financial meltdown]], focusing anger on destructive immigration "reform" proposals rather than on any measures likely to fix the problem.
 
Although the anti-immigrant sentiment never entirely went away in the meantime, it surfaced again during and after the [[2010 US elections|2010 elections]] as [[US conservative|conservative]] politicians (now politically dominant) [[demonize]]d Mexican immigrants as [[scapegoat]]s for the state of the economy in the wake of the [[2008 financial meltdown]], focusing anger on destructive immigration "reform" proposals rather than on any measures likely to fix the problem.
===Myths===
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In general, [[/anti|anti-immigration sentiment]] has become a recurring theme of [[red America]]n politics, fueled largely by [[propaganda]] in the form of a number of {{l/sub|myths}} about immigrants.
** All immigrants pay taxes, /link|NAS}} {{footnote/link|CATO}} {{footnote/link|UI}} {{footnote/link|SSA}}
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==Pages==
* '''Immigrants come here to take welfare'''
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* [[/myths]]
anti-immigrant group. In one estimate, immigrants earn about $240 billion a year, pay about $90 billion a year in taxes, and use about $5 billion in public benefits. In another cut of the data, immigrant tax payments total $20 to $30 billion more than the amount of government services they use. {{footnote/link|AILA}} {{footnote/link|UI}}
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==Conclusions==
* '''Immigrants send all their money back to their home countries'''
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It seems likely that [[/anti|anti-immigration]] propaganda is due largely to the need to prevent workers from moving freely. [[Free trade agreements]] such as [[NAFTA]] are typically motivated by the desire for large businesses to be better able to take advantage of labor cost-differentials between countries. If laborers are given the same freedom to cross borders in search of higher wages, those cost-differentials tend to even out as labor becomes scarce in lower-paying countries.
** In addition to the consumer spending of immigrant households, immigrants and their businesses contribute $162 billion in tax revenue to U.S. federal, state, and local governments. While it is true that immigrants remit billions of dollars a year to their home countries, this is one of the most targeted and effective forms of direct foreign investment. {{footnote/link|CATO}} {{footnote/link|IADB}}
 
** ''Note that this is the opposite of the accusation that they take jobs away from Americans. They can't both be true.''
 
* '''Immigrants take jobs and opportunity away from Americans'''
 
** The largest wave of immigration to the U.S. since the early 1900s coincided with our lowest national unemployment rate and fastest economic growth. Immigrant entrepreneurs create jobs for U.S. and foreign workers, and foreign-born students allow many U.S. graduate programs to keep their doors open. While there has been no comprehensive study done of immigrant-owned businesses, we have countless examples: in Silicon Valley, companies begun by Chinese and Indian immigrants generated more than $19.5 billion in sales and nearly 73,000 jobs in 2000. {{footnote/link|BI}}
 
** ''Note that this is the opposite of the accusation that they come to America just to get welfare. They can't both be true.''
 
* '''Immigrants are a drain on the U.S. economy'''
 
** During the 1990s, half of all new workers were foreign-born, filling gaps left by native-born workers in both the high- and low-skill ends of the spectrum. Immigrants fill jobs in key sectors, start their own businesses, and contribute to a thriving economy. The net benefit of immigration to the U.S. is nearly $10 billion annually. As [[Alan Greenspan]] points out, 70% of immigrants arrive in
 
* '''Immigrants don't want to learn English or become Americans'''
 
** Within ten years of arrival, more than 75% of immigrants speak English well; moreover, demand for English classes at the adult level far exceeds supply. Greater than 33% of immigrants are naturalized citizens; given increased immigration in the 1990s, this figure will rise as more legal permanent residents become eligible for naturalization in the coming years. The number of immigrants naturalizing spiked sharply after two events: enactment of immigration and welfare reform laws in 1996, and [[9-11|the terrorist attacks in 2001]]. {{footnote/link|CB}} {{footnote/link|BCIS}}
 
 
** The percentage of the U.S. population that is foreign-born now stands at 11.5%; in the early 20 century it was approximately 15%. Similar to accusations about today's immigrants, those of those of 100 years ago initially often settled in mono-ethnic neighborhoods, spoke their native languages, and built up newspapers and businesses that catered to their fellow &eacute;migr&eacute;s. They also experienced the same types of discrimination that today's immigrants face, and integrated within American culture at a similar rate. If we view history objectively, we remember that every new wave of immigrants has been met with suspicion and doubt and yet, ultimately, every past wave of immigrants has been vindicated and saluted. {{footnote/link|BC}}
 
* '''Most immigrants cross the border illegally'''
 
** Around 75% of immigrants have legal permanent (immigrant) visas; of the 25% that are undocumented, 40% overstayed temporary (non-immigrant) visas. {{footnote/link|INS}}
 
* '''Weak U.S. border enforcement has resulted in high undocumented immigration'''
 
** From 1986 to 1998, the Border Patrol's budget increased six-fold and the number of agents stationed on our southwest border doubled to 8,500. The Border Patrol also toughened its enforcement strategy, heavily fortifying typical urban entry points and pushing migrants into dangerous desert areas, in hopes of deterring crossings. Instead, the undocumented immigrant population doubled in that timeframe, to 8 million &ndash; despite the legalization of nearly 3 million immigrants after the enactment of the [[Immigration Reform and Control Act]] in 1986. {{footnote/link|CATO}}
 
** Insufficient legal avenues for immigrants to enter the U.S., compared with the number of jobs available to them, have created this current conundrum. {{footnote/link|CATO}}
 
** In other words, spending more money on border control doesn't work and is a drain on the economy.
 
* '''The [[war on terror]]ism can be won through immigration restrictions'''
 
** No security expert since [[9-11|September 11, 2001]] has said that restrictive immigration measures would have prevented the terrorist attacks &ndash; instead, they key is good use of good intelligence.
 
** Most of the 9/11 hijackers were here on legal visas.
 
** Since 9/11, the myriad of measures targeting immigrants in the name of national security have netted no terrorism prosecutions.
 
** In fact, several of these measures could have the opposite effect and actually make us less safe, as targeted communities of immigrants are afraid to come forward with information.
 
** ''Sources for above cited only as "Newspaper articles, various security experts, and think tanks"''
 
 
==Opinion==
 
==Opinion==
 
Will someone please explain to me (a) what business we have, as a nation composed almost entirely of immigrants, setting restrictions on which other countries we will allow to contribute to our population, and (b) in what way immigrants from any particular country or ethnic group have ever been a problem, once they arrived? --[[User:Woozle|Woozle]] 15:31, 20 May 2006 (EDT)
 
Will someone please explain to me (a) what business we have, as a nation composed almost entirely of immigrants, setting restrictions on which other countries we will allow to contribute to our population, and (b) in what way immigrants from any particular country or ethnic group have ever been a problem, once they arrived? --[[User:Woozle|Woozle]] 15:31, 20 May 2006 (EDT)
===Positions===
 
* [http://concordparty.org/Positions/Immigration.html The Concord Party]
 
* [http://www.reason.com/0608/fe.ng.immigration.shtml Reason]: "Immigration Now, Immigration Tomorrow, Immigration Forever"
 
===Humor===
 
* [http://www.markfiore.com/animation/phobia.html Migraphobia] by Mark Fiore
 
==Data==
 
* US Census Bureau: [http://www.census.gov/population/www/documentation/twps0029/tab01.html Nativity of the Population and Place of Birth of the Native Population: 1850 to 1990]
 
 
==Links==
 
==Links==
 
===Filed Links===
 
===Filed Links===
Line 56: Line 33:
 
** [http://www.alternet.org/blogs/peek/36309/ The right-wing goes haywire on immigration] by Melissa McEwan at 1:10 PM
 
** [http://www.alternet.org/blogs/peek/36309/ The right-wing goes haywire on immigration] by Melissa McEwan at 1:10 PM
 
** [http://www.alternet.org/blogs/peek/36305/ Bush speaks on immigration] by Melissa McEwan at 3:15 PM
 
** [http://www.alternet.org/blogs/peek/36305/ Bush speaks on immigration] by Melissa McEwan at 3:15 PM
 +
===Data===
 +
* US Census Bureau: [http://www.census.gov/population/www/documentation/twps0029/tab01.html Nativity of the Population and Place of Birth of the Native Population: 1850 to 1990]
 +
===Positions===
 +
* [http://concordparty.org/Positions/Immigration.html The Concord Party]
 +
* [http://www.reason.com/0608/fe.ng.immigration.shtml Reason]: "Immigration Now, Immigration Tomorrow, Immigration Forever"
 
===Opinion===
 
===Opinion===
 
* '''2007-07-21''' [http://blog.vdare.com/archives/2007/07/21/nativism-and-the-sat/ Nativism and the SAT]: "in modern terms, nativism is simply another name for patriotism."
 
* '''2007-07-21''' [http://blog.vdare.com/archives/2007/07/21/nativism-and-the-sat/ Nativism and the SAT]: "in modern terms, nativism is simply another name for patriotism."
* '''2006-06-25''' [http://www.ornery.org/essays/warwatch/2006-06-25-1.html What Is This "Crime," Really?]: [[Orson Scott Card]] criticizes one of the main [[conservative]] arguments against [[US immigration]] on the grounds that it displays excessive [[moral absolutism]]
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* '''2006-06-25''' [http://www.ornery.org/essays/warwatch/2006-06-25-1.html What Is This "Crime," Really?]: [[Orson Scott Card]] criticizes one of the main [[US conservative|conservative]] arguments against [[US immigration]] on the grounds that it displays excessive [[moral absolutism]]
==Sources==
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* {{footnote/target|TOP10|[http://www.immigrationforum.org/images/uploads/MythsandFacts.pdf Top 10 Immigration Myths and Facts], from the [http://www.immigrationforum.org/ National Immigration Forum], June, 2003}}
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===Humor===
* Exact documents for these sources named on TOP10 need to be located:
+
* [http://www.markfiore.com/animation/phobia.html Migraphobia] by Mark Fiore
** {{footnote/target|NAS|[[National Academy of Sciences]]}}
 
** {{footnote/target|CATO|[[Cato Institute]]}}
 
** {{footnote/target|UI|[[Urban Institute]]}}
 
** {{footnote/target|SSA|[[Social Security Administration]]}}
 
** {{footnote/target|AILA|[[American Immigration Lawyers Association]]}}
 
** {{footnote/target|IADB|[[Inter-American Development Bank]]}}
 
** {{footnote/target|BI|[[Brookings Institution]]}}
 
** {{footnote/target|CLMS|[[Center for Labor Market Studies at Northeastern University]]}}
 
** {{footnote/target|FR|[[US Federal Reserve]]}}
 
** {{footnote/target|CB|[[US Census Bureau]]}}
 
** {{footnote/target|BCIS|[[US Department of Homeland Security]] Bureau of Citizenship and Immigration Services}}
 
** {{footnote/target|INS|[[INS Statistical Yearbook]]}}
 

Latest revision as of 20:11, 9 November 2019

About

United States Immigration policy became a hot topic in the spring of 2006 (there's some specific history which I don't have time to research -- there was a bill introduced (by GOP?) which would have apparently made it very difficult for existing immigrant workers; this led to rallies nationwide in support of said workers and against said bill, etc...).

Although the anti-immigrant sentiment never entirely went away in the meantime, it surfaced again during and after the 2010 elections as conservative politicians (now politically dominant) demonized Mexican immigrants as scapegoats for the state of the economy in the wake of the 2008 financial meltdown, focusing anger on destructive immigration "reform" proposals rather than on any measures likely to fix the problem.

In general, anti-immigration sentiment has become a recurring theme of red American politics, fueled largely by propaganda in the form of a number of myths about immigrants.

Pages

Conclusions

It seems likely that anti-immigration propaganda is due largely to the need to prevent workers from moving freely. Free trade agreements such as NAFTA are typically motivated by the desire for large businesses to be better able to take advantage of labor cost-differentials between countries. If laborers are given the same freedom to cross borders in search of higher wages, those cost-differentials tend to even out as labor becomes scarce in lower-paying countries.

Opinion

Will someone please explain to me (a) what business we have, as a nation composed almost entirely of immigrants, setting restrictions on which other countries we will allow to contribute to our population, and (b) in what way immigrants from any particular country or ethnic group have ever been a problem, once they arrived? --Woozle 15:31, 20 May 2006 (EDT)

Links

Filed Links

  1. redirect template:links/smw

to file

Data

Positions

Opinion

Humor