Desert tortoise

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According to the Conservation Centers for Species Survival [1]:

...the desert tortoiseMojave

As a result of this threat and the importance of the desert tortoise, the US Bureau of Land Management (BLM) established the Desert Tortoise Conservation Center in 1990 as a refuge where injured or sick tortoises could be nursed back to health and to find safer locations for healthy tortoises that would otherwise be at risk from development.

The desert tortoise began its career as a political token in 1993 when the BLM, in an effort to protect the tortoise from extinction, outlawed grazing on its properties within the tortoise's range and rancher Cliven Bundy subsequently continued to graze his cattle there while refusing to pay the resulting fines.