Gerrymandering is the practice of redrawing political boundaries in order to gain electoral advantage. The usual strategy is to draw the lines such that voters likely to oppose one's own party are all grouped together in as few districts as possible, while the voters who are likely to support that party are spread across as many districts as possible – so as to carry as many districts as possible in that party's favor – while still remaining a majority in each such district.
A more serious problem arises when the politicians who are elected within a system have the authority to affect the political boundaries which will be used in the next election, or even in the election of others with whom they might gainfully trade "favors", in effect giving long-term job security to incumbents of both parties and thus maintaining the two-party system.
Imagine if Pepsi and Coke had arranged to divide up the cola market into tidy little local geographic monopolies, where each could charge whatever they liked for colored sugar water... while claiming that their nearly 50:50 overall split means "healthy competition"! Hell, they could even do this while hating each other's guts, the same way that democrats and republicans now do.
- Georgia's 12th District: an almost-reasonable oblong running down the GA/SC border from Augusta to Savannah... but with a little tentacle reaching out to Athens
- Conservapedia claims that gerrymandering helped Thomas Jefferson win the presidency -- true, or just a reflexive dig at a liberal icon? The term originated later on, but was the practice commonplace before Elbridge Gerry made it famous?
- NC redistricting:
- 2022-03-02 Common Cause: SCSJ, Common Cause File SCOTUS Brief to Counter NCGA’s Unprecedented Assault on Fair Districts, Freedom to Vote «The Southern Coalition for Social Justice and pro bono counsel with Hogan Lovells, on behalf of plaintiff Common Cause, asked the U.S. Supreme Court on Wednesday to deny a request by legislative defendants to throw out a new expert-drawn Congressional map.»
- 2022-02-24 WSOC-TV: NC judges uphold legislative maps, change Congress lines
- 2022-02-20 GatewayPundit UPDATE on North Carolina Redistricting Saga: What’s Clear Is Democrats Will Never Accept a Republican Drawn Map: true, as long as the GOP insists on drawing blatantly unfair maps
- KS redistricting:
- 2022-02-03 KS Governor: Governor Laura Kelly Vetoes Congressional Redistricting Map, Senate Bill 355
- 2022-01-23 KansasCity.com: Kansas Senate approves redistricting plan splitting Wyandotte County along I-70
- PA redistricting:
- 2022-02-23 Taniel@Twitter: The PA Supreme Court has chosen the Carter plan. «The 4-3 majority includes of 4 of the 5 Democratic justices. Both Republican justices dissented, joined by one Democratic justice (Todd).»
- 2022-02-18 Pa. Supreme Court weighs what makes a fair congressional map as it prepares to pick new districts: describes the Carter Plan
- 2022-01-10 GOP plans to carve up Democratic-stronghold Nashville during redistricting
- 2006-08-16 The Vanishing Voter by Bob Geary, The Independent: gerrymandering and other systematic political corruption in NC government
- 1996 Machine Politics (curiously, also uses a map of NC as an example)