Rhetorical deception/valid uses
Use of a rhetorical tool does not automatically invalidate the substance of the argument in which it is used.
If you are the audience for an argument that employs a rhetorical deception, its presence should be taken as a signal that the argument should be examined and handled with extra care.
Once a deception has been identified:
- It may be called out. (This may or may not be productive, depending on circumstances.)
- The argument should be evaluated as if the rhetoric were not present.
The presence of a rhetorical deception without an accompanying rational justification is a red flag.
If you are making of an argument, rhetorical deceptions should only be used as a supplement to arguments of a more rational nature – persuasive dressing on a rational salad.