The scientific belief system holds that in general, there is an underlying reality to which we have no direct access but whose effects we can perceive through our senses. Using our our ability to reason, as well as tools we build with senses keener than our own and/or analytical abilities in some ways superior to ours, we can figure out how that underlying reality must function.
Information is called "true" if we are reasonably certain, after sufficient careful consideration and analysis, that it accurately reflects that underlying reality.
Through this system, our understanding of reality asymptotically approaches perfection, allowing us to manipulate the real world in ever more powerful ways.
- Science is the study of reality solely via reasoning from evidence.
- The scientific belief system is morally neutral – i.e. it does not include a predetermined moral code or otherwise make judgements about the rightness or wrongness of any act – but is often essential in deciding whether an act will do more harm than good, and therefore whether that act is moral or immoral. Reputable scientific research institutions have ethical rules which their researchers must follow, but these are derived from the study of past research practices and any harm that may have inadvertently resulted. These rules are also, unlike a moral code, subject to regular review and revision in light of new evidence (like everything else in science).