Association fallacy

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An association fallacy is a type of logical fallacy which asserts (or implies) that qualities of one are inherently qualities of another, merely by association. It sometimes referred to more specifically as "guilt by association" or (less commonly) "honor by association".

The association fallacy is a special case of red herring, and is often based in an appeal to emotion even though emotions may not specifically be referenced.

The association fallacy is also a form of reasoning by reputation when it is applied to personal reputations.



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