Protestant fundamentalism

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Protestant fundamentalism is a religious fundamentalist movement in North American Protestantism that arose in the early part of the 20th century in reaction to modernism [W] and which emphasized that the Bible is literally true both as a moral guide and as a historical record.

The essential doctrines of Protestant fundamentalism are:

  1. the inerrancy of the Bible,
  2. the Virgin birth,
  3. physical resurrection
  4. atonement by the sacrificial death of Christ, and
  5. the Second Coming.

Politically, protestant fundamentalism has a large overlap with the religious right in the United States.


The book Stealing Jesus says Protestant fundamentalism also included the doctrine of dispensationalism, and that much of its doctrine was brand new – hence the use of the word "fundamental" in this context is a bit of a misnomer. The author redefines the the difference between fundies and more liberal sects as being a difference of "legalism" – fundies (legalistic Protestantism) see following doctrine to the letter as the priority, while non-fundies are more interested in obeying the spirit of doctrine, and in receiving the love of God/Christ. Must re-read and research.