- verbal methods:
- performing various cliquian customs – wearing certain clothing, performing rituals, etc.
- discriminating against others whose beliefs appear to conflict with those of one's clique
It seems to be the case that people get into a certain mindset where they confuse loyalty to people with loyalty to ideas – they come to believe that if the group believes something, then believing something different is somehow a betrayal of the group. Every discussion becomes an opportunity to proselytize – to defend and spread the belief – rather than a search for truth. Every debate is competitive rather than truth-seeking.