Truth is an attribute which may or may not apply to any given piece of information. It is one of the most basic concepts underlying rationality and the way we think about the world, and is hence rather difficult to define objectively.
There are (at least) four major types of "truth":
- /objective: the never-perfectly-knowable objective reality
- /evidenced: the best guess we can make at the truth from the evidence available
- /believed: what a person or group believes is true
- /received: what a person or group is told to believe is true
- /broadcast: what a person or group broadcasts as truth
- /official: statements that an organization broadcasts about itself or its determinations of fact
- Epistemology is the study of truth; antiepistemology is the study of truth-hiding.
- (The belief system article, short as it is, probably needs rethinking.)
- Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy
- 2007-08-16 Truth - The Neglected Virtue by Robin Hanson